Good and bad news for solar PV projectsPrint publication
The good news
On 2 October the Government finally released the budget for the first round of Contracts for Difference. The total funding available is £300 million, which is £95 million more than the indicative budget that was published in July. The increase is possible because the latest estimates of the overall costs of other policies, in particular the Renewables Obligation, are lower than expected.
The increased budget will be split into two pots between different types of technologies:
- Pot 1 (established technologies such as solar PV above 5MW, Energy from Waste with CHP and onshore wind above 5MW): £50m for projects commissioning in 2015/16, and an additional £15m (i.e. £65m in total) for projects commissioning from 2016/17 onwards.
- Pot 2 (less established technologies such as anaerobic digestion, Advanced Conversion Technologies and offshore wind): £155m for projects commissioning from 2016/17 onwards, and an additional £80m (i.e. £235m in total) for projects commissioning from 2017/18 onwards.
- Pot 3 (biomass conversion): No budget released in 2014.
The projects that win the auction will receive 15 year contracts; meaning that the total spend per year for contracts allocated in the first allocation round this autumn will be up to £300m.
The budgets for next year’s auction will be confirmed in 2015, but £50 million more has already been indicated for established technologies, with significant further funding potentially available to fund further projects, including Carbon Capture and Storage, by 2020-21 as the Levy Control Framework (LCF) budget in each year is higher than thought.
The bad news
Also on 2 October, the Government released its response to the consultation on changes to financial support for solar PV issued in May (see our earlier article, Solar subsidies slashed and CfD allocations announced) confirming that the Renewables Obligation (RO) will close to new large-scale solar (and additional capacity to existing stations taking them) above 5MW from 1 April 2015. According to DECC’s latest assessment, without doing this, 6.6-10 GW of solar PV could deploy under the RO by the end of 2016/17 exceeding the LCF cap for that period by £40 million.
The RO will still be open to new solar PV projects at or below 5MW until 31 March 2017, the closing date for the RO generally, although “we will continue to monitor the small-scale solar PV deployment pipeline and consider taking measures to protect the LCF if necessary”.
There will be a grace period to protect projects that had made significant financial commitments by 13 May, when the consultation on the change began, although after discussions with stakeholders the suggested evidence that has to be provided in order to benefit from the grace period has changed. In order to benefit from the grace period (which will only be for a year, until 31 March 2016), developers will need to show:
- A grid connection offer and acceptance, both dated no later than 13 May 2014
- A Director’s Certificate confirming ownership, lease or option to lease or purchase the land as of 13 May 2014
- Confirmation that a planning application had been received by the relevant planning authority in respect of the project on or before 13 May 2014.
As there is a risk of projects being delayed through grid connection issues which are not the developer’s fault, the Government has issued a further consultation on introducing a grid delay grace period – see below.
The May consultation also proposed splitting the solar PV FIT degression bands between ground-mounted and building-mounted solar on a 25%:75% capacity basis. The Government has decided to make the split 35%:65%, to apply from January 2015.
It has also issued a further consultation on the definition of ‘other than stand-alone installations’, as part of the consultation on the grid delay grace period.
The further consultation is in two parts. Part A deals with the introduction of a possible grid delay grace period for new solar PV capacity above 5MW under the RO. Part B consults on altering the definition of ‘other-than-stand-alone installations’ under the FIT scheme. It is only open for three weeks, until 24 October.
Part A proposes a three-month grace period for grid connection delays that are not the developer’s fault, as follows:
3 months. Projects qualifying for this grace period would need to commission and have an accreditation date on or before 30 June 2015.
Apply by 30 June 2015 as part of the application for accreditation after delay has materialized.
Evidence to be provided with the application
1. Grid connection agreement consisting of:
- A grid connection offer;
- Acceptance of that offer;
- A letter from the network operator which estimated or set a date no later than 31 March 2015 for delivery of the connection (referred to as the estimated grid connection date).
2. A written declaration by the generator that to the best of their knowledge, the generating station would have been commissioned on or before 31 March 2015 if the connection had been made on or before the estimated grid connection date.
3. A letter from the network operator confirming that the grid connection was made after the estimated grid connection date, and that in the network operator’s opinion, the failure to make the grid connection on or before the estimated grid connection date was not due to any breach of the grid connection agreement by the generator/developer.
The grace period would not protect projects from the reductions in solar PV ROCs that are scheduled for 1 April 2015, and the project would receive the ROC level in force on the date of accreditation, 1.3 ROCs per MW/h for ground-mounted and 1.5 ROCs for building-mounted solar PV.
The proposals in Part B result from concerns by industry that stand-alone installations could normally wire through structures created or amended to enable them to quality as other-than-stand-alone and receive a higher tariff. The proposed new definition would only apply to installations above 250kW as they are most likely to seek to bend the rules by adapting or creating purpose-built buildings.
The proposed new definition of ‘other-than-stand-alone’ is that the installation must demonstrate a potential of at least 10% of its energy to be used on-site, through either one or multiple buildings to which the installation is wired.
News to look out for
Later this year, the Government intends to consult on allowing businesses to transfer their panels and FITs payments to a new building, encouraging them to invest in solar PV. This is because the Government is aware that some mid-scale property owners are unwilling to invest in solar PV as they anticipate tenants moving premises before they start seeing any payback. They are also concerned that that they will not be able to redevelop the building during the life of the solar installation – which can be 20 years or more.
This is a mixed bag for developers. The 1 April 2015 deadline for large solar PV projects is a not-unexpected blow, but the further grace period for projects delayed by grid connections may help allay investors’ fears. The split between ground-mounted and building-mounted degression bands is also not as one-sided as originally proposed. Now that we know the budget for CfD allocations, it will be interesting to see which regime investors favour most.